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常见的四栽单词后缀-ness、-ile、-ish、-ion的用法及含义
发布时间: 2020-05-12 来源:未知 点击次数:

原标题:常见的四栽单词后缀-ness、-ile、-ish、-ion的用法及含义

词缀是前缀、后缀、中缀的总称。它是添在词基上以组成新词干(Stem)的词素,或是挑供屈折成分的词素。

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-ness抽象名词后缀,意为:state,quality,添在形容词之后,组成抽象名词,外示性质、情况、行为、质量或状态。

例如:

effortlessness

毫不费力(making no effort),前缀ef=ex=out,fort=strong

She plays with seemingly effortless skill.(她演奏得益像毫不费力。)

shamelessness

不知羞耻,无耻(effrontery,immodesty)

In a display of utter shamelessness,he pulled out several $100 bills and began waving them in their faces.(他十足不知羞耻,取出几百元大钞在他们眼前挥舞。)

后缀-ite含义、词源和词例

-ite是个直接来自法语的名词后缀。它有两栽作用:

1、添在名词后面外示人,这时,它有an inhabitant of ~ (...的居民),a descendant of ~(...的子女),a follower of ~(...的追随者),a person associated with ~(与...相关的人)等有趣。

2、添在名词词根后面外示物,a mineral species (矿物),a fossil (化石),an explosive (炸药),a chemical product (化工产品)等有趣。

例如:

appetite

n.欲看;食欲(physical desire especially for food)

She had four teenaged boys,each with the appetite of a bear!(她有四个十来岁的儿子,每个孩子的胃口都大如熊。)

exquisite

adj.绝妙的,自圆其说的(of great excellence;brought to a high state of perfection)

What is considered everyday to the local residents,is exquisite to the tourists who come from all over the world to see the fields of poppise.(这在当地人看首来是很平时的东西,对于从世界各地远道而来赏识罂粟田野的游客来说却是妙不走言。)

granite

n.花岗岩

gran(=grain粮食;颗粒;[作物] 谷物;纹理)

Granites is usually gray and is much used for buildings and monuments.(花岗岩常为灰色,众用于建造房屋和祝贺碑。)

形容词、动词、名词后缀ish意为:like,retating to,make。

一、形容词后缀

(1)添在名词后,外示如...的;似...的;有...的性质的。

amateurish

adj.生手的,业余的;不谙练的(inexpert,imperfect)

The tourist made a rather amateurish attempt to negotiate with the shopkeeper.(游客很生手地与店主讨价还价。)

bookish

adj.书的;学究的;喜欢益书籍的(of books and studies)

He was always a bookish kid ,so i'm not surprised he's professor now.(他以前就是个喜欢读书的孩子,因而他现在当教授吾一点也不惊讶。)

(2)添在形容词之后面,外示含有某栽水平的、略...的、稍...的

coldish 略寒的,稍冷的;

greenish 略带绿色的;

warmish 稍暖的;

oldish 略老的,稍旧的;

外示某国的或某民族的,行业动态兼外某国的说话

English 英国的,英语;

Swedish 瑞典的,瑞典语;

Spanish 西班牙的,西班牙语;

Finnish 花兰的,芬兰语;

二、动词后缀

外示做...、致使...、造成...、成为...

flourish

v.兴旺;蓬勃 (极度地炫耀)(grow in a healthy manner;prosper)

The weed,unintentionally brought to America by trade ships,has been flourishing in the Florida Everglades,killing off native grasses.(被贸易船只未必带到美国的杂草取代了佛罗里达沼泽当地的牧草,在那里长势兴旺。)

garnish

v.为增补色香味而增补酸菜;装饰(decorate food for the table)

Garnish the tray with broccoli or cauliflower.(用花椰菜或球花甘来装饰餐盘。)

后缀-ion含义、词源和例词

-ion来源于拉丁语,只能添缀在拉丁动词词干或拉丁借词上,组成响答的名词,其有趣相等于the act or process of ~,the result of ~ing,the condition of being ~ed,a thing that ~s等,即外示某一行为过程、效果与状态,以及与该走为相关的事物。原由拉丁构词规律的影响,-ion有-ation,-ition,-ution等异体,但它们的用法与意义与-ion并无不同。

attraction 【attract v.吸引】

n.吸引;吸引力

The attraction of the bright headlight made the deer stop in the road.(清明的汽车前灯光吸引得那只鹿停在公路中心。)

Sports have great attraction for most boys. (行动对无数男孩子有很大的吸引力。)

calculation【calculate vt.计算;展望;认为;打算】

n.计算;计算效果

Our first calculation was wrong,but the second was correct.(吾们第一次得数是舛讹的,第二次是对的。)

collection 【collect vt.搜集;募捐】

n.搜集物,珍藏品

Our library has a large collection of books.(吾们的图书馆藏书量很大。)

fascination【fascinate v.使入神,使神魂颠倒;(尤指蛇)以眼神震慑(人或动物),使无法动弹】

n.贪恋,凶猛喜欢益

The girl's fascination with television programms worried her parents very much. (那幼女孩迷上了电视节现在,父母大为忧郁闷。)

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  原标题:国家卫健委:疫情暴露出短板,将改革完善疾控体系

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